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Methods for Sterilization in Orthodontics

Dr. ElahehSeyedTabaii
Postgraduate Student, Dept. of Orthodontics, Dental School, Shahed University of Medical Sciences
Dr. Maryam Shirazi
Postgraduate Student, Dept. of Orthodontics, Dental School, Shahed University of Medical Sciences

Sterilization is a process by which an article, surface or medium is freed of all micro-organisms either in vegetative or spore state. Control of infection that spreads through various instruments and armamentarium used in the field of orthodontics and dentistry in general is of utmost importance as a preventive measure for cross infection. Both patients and practitioners produce a substantial risk of spread of infection like hepatitis B, pneumonia and HIV because of the nature of oral environment which is rich in diverse aerobic and anaerobic bacterial flora. In a survey conducted on the various specialty practitioners of the dental faculty, based on the risk of contracting hepatitis, the orthodontists were the second highest among the group in contracting hepatitis. Sterilization, asepsis and universal precautions to prevent infectious disease transmission is often neglected in dental practice.Considering the fact that the rate at which newer strains evolve with time and older strains develop resistance it has become a constant challenge through time and in the years to come. The article reviews the various methods of sterilization by focusing on the guidelines for an effective and efficient orthodontic practice.

Key Words:
Orthodontic Pliers;Sterilization Methods


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محل نشر یا ارائه:  کنگره 10 انجمن ارتودنتیست ها
سال ایرانی :  1391
موضوع:  ارتودنسی
Level:  Postgraduate

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